We use Carnolian bees rather than the more commonly used Italian Bees. Carnolian bees are more suited to the colder New Zealand winter during which time they bees are dormant. Carnolian bees are also more resistant to disease and are less aggressive both to humans and other bees. We counter their tendency to swarm when the colonies are expanding rapidly in the springtime by splitting the hives and introducing new queen bees. This means that our operation is more labour intensive than most. It also means that our honey yield and pollination efficiency is much higher than the average.
Due to the emergence of varroa mites in NZ in 2000, wild bee populations are no longer viable and varroa has been a problem for many apiaries in the country. To safe guard our bees we use an organic miticide and continue to monitor our hives throughout the year. The treatment is not used when the bees are collecting honey to ensure the purity of our honey.